JAR Professional Pilot Studies

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Ground Studies for the ATPL Exams and more!

''I am treating it more as a review/knowledge expander since I do not hold EU citizenship and see very limited value in getting the JAA licence given the expense vs. return. It is very well written and a fantastic value compared to the other JAA texts that I have seen advertised''

U. Goehl

 

''I am a FAA Private pilot and my plan was to move to Canada where I have a job offer. The thing is that, unfortunately, I did not get a visa (global bureaucratic system). Originally I`m from Czech republic, where I live right now. Anyhow, I signed up for JAR ATPL(A) course here. A study material I have received for this course is absolutely NOT that quality as your book is. I am impressed how you compressed everything into one book. So all I want to say is, that even I am not in Canada, I am using your (Canadian) book for European exam studies!

I don't know how to say this better than one of your customers who said: This is the book what every pilot should have in his bookshelf''.

B, Pesta

 

 

Contents

1 Introduction 1
Differences 3
Studying 4
Exams & Technique 4
2 Air Law/Operations 7
International Air Law 7
The Chicago Convention 1944 7
ICAO Documents 20
International Air Transit and Air Transport Agreements 21
The Tokyo Convention 1963 21
The Warsaw Convention 1929 22
The Hague Convention 1970 23
The Montreal Conventions 23
The Rome Convention 1933 23
WTO/GATS 24
Europe and the JAA 24
Air Transport Policy 25
ECAC 25
JAA/JAR 25
EASA 27
Eurocontrol 27
Commercial Air Services 28
Scheduled 28
Charter 29
Corporate 29
Air Operator Certificate 30
JAR OPS 31
Leasing 32
Operator's Responsibilities 33
CONTENTS
ii JAR Professional Pilot Studies
Power To Inspect 35
Company Personalities 36
Quality System 44
Crew at Stations 45
Training & Checks 46
Licences & Ratings (Annex 1) 50
Recent Experience For Pilots Not Under JAR OPS 1 50
Recording of Flight Time - JAR FCL 2.080 50
Courses 51
Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL) 51
ATPL 53
Flight Radio Telephony Operator 53
Ratings 54
Medicals 55
Composition of Crew 56
Rules of the Air (Annex 2) 57
Compliance & Authority 57
Intoxicating Liquor, Narcotics or Drugs 57
Protection Of Persons & Property 57
Aircraft Restrictions 58
Formation Flight 58
Unmanned Free Balloons 58
Prohibited, Restricted and Danger Areas 58
Avoidance Of Collisions 59
Lights & Signals 60
Simulated Instrument Flight 61
Operations Near Aerodromes 61
Water Operations 61
Flight Plans 61
Signals 61
Lights & Pyrotechnic Signals 62
Visual Ground Signals 63
Marshalling Signals 63
Visual Flight Rules (VFR) 63
Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) 65
Wake Turbulence 67
Successive Aircraft on Finals 68
Departing Aircraft 69
Passenger Briefing & Safety 69
Pre-Flight 71
Before Takeoff 72
Preparation for Emergency Landing 73
Safety Features Card 73
Portable Electronic Devices 73
Additional Crew Members 75
Preservation of Documentation 75
Fuelling 76
Emergencies & Equipment 78
Operating Lights 79
Bombs 79
Emergency Medical Kits 79
First Aid Kits 80
Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT) 81
Liferafts - Extended Overwater 81
Survival Equipment 81
Oxygen Equipment and Supply 82
Fire Extinguishers 85
Crash Axes & Crowbars 86
Seaplane & Amphibians - Misc 86
Means For Evacuation In Emergency 86
Megaphones 86
Emergency Lighting 87
Life Jackets 87
Radiation Indicators 88
Marking of Break-in Points 88
Emergency Lighting 88
Registration Marks (Annex 7) 89
Position and Size of Marks 89
Width, spacing and thickness 89
Airworthiness (Annex 8) 90
Duplicate Inspections 91
Elementary Work 91
Defects 91
Facilitation (Annex 9) 93
Documentation 93
Documents & Records 95
To Be Carried On Each Flight: 95
To be Left on the Ground 95
Flight Authority (C of A) 96
Certificate of Registration 97
Noise Certificate 97
Radio Station Licence 97
Air Operator Certificate 98
Certificate of Maintenance Review 98
Flight Manual 98
Aircraft Weight Schedule 98
Journey Log 98
Technical Log 98
Route Guides & Charts 100
Flight Plan 101
NOTAM 105
Aeronautical Information Publication 105
Aeronautical Information Circulars 105
Company Operations Manual 105
General Declaration 105
Aerodrome Operating Minima 106
Planning Requirements 107
Decision Height 110
Minimum Descent Height 110
Runway Visual Range (RVR) 111
Commencement and Continuation of an Approach 113
Visual Approach 113
Aerodromes Without Approach Aids 113
VFR En-Route Minima 113
Presentation and Application of Operating Minima 114
Airspace Structure 114
Flight Information Region (FIR) 114
Altimeter Setting Regions 114
Prohibited, Restricted and Danger Areas 114
Controlled Aerodrome 115
Control Area 115
Control Zone 115
TCA 115
Airways & Routes 115
ICAO Airspace Classifications 116
High level Controlled Airspace 118
Extended Range Operations 121
Noise Reduction 122
Telecommunications (Annex 10) 122
Air Traffic Services (Annex 11) 122
Services Provided 123
Radar Services 124
Clearances, Instructions, etc 126
Search & Rescue (Annex 12) 127
Procedures 127
Accidents & Incidents (Annex 13) 129
Aircraft Accident 129
Incident 130
Aerodromes & Airports (Annex 14) 131
Operations Nearby 131
Standard Traffic Circuit 131
Runways 132
Taxiways 134
Contamination 134
Markings & Signals 135
Parking Bays 136
Lighting 136
Signs 137
Airport Fire Fighting 138
Visual Aids For Navigation 138
Visual Approach Systems 139
Aeronautical Info (Annex 15) 140
Aeronautical Information Publication 141
NOTAM 142
Aeronautical Information Circulars 144
Pre-Flight Information 145
Post Flight Information 145
Security (Annex 17) 145
ICAO 145
ECAC 146
JAR OPS 146
The PIC 148
Carriage of Authorised Persons 149
Dangerous Goods (Annex 18) 149
Applicability 152
Exemptions 152
What To Look For 155
Units of Measurement 156
Responsibilities 156
Training 157
Undeclared Dangerous Goods 157
Classes & Labelling 158
Multiple Hazards 159
Packaging 160
Documentation 160
Acceptance, Handling and Storage 161
How to use the IATA Book 163
Carriage of Employees 165
CONTENTS
vi JAR Professional Pilot Studies
Emergency Procedures 165
Emergency Response Chart 167
Aircraft Equipment 168
VFR 168
IFR 168
Night 168
De- or Anti-icing Equipment 169
Flight Data Recorders 169
GPWS 169
Cockpit Voice Recorders 170
PANS-OPS 170
Altimeter Setting Procedures 170
Pre-Flight Checks 171
Takeoff & Landing 171
Approach & Landing 171
PANS-RAC 172
Aircraft Separation 173
Essential Traffic 177
Air-Ground Radio Failure 177
Speechless Code 177
Strayed Aircraft 177
Bird Hazards 178
3 Meteorology 179
The Atmosphere 179
The Gas Laws 181
The Sun 183
The Seasons 185
Pressure Patterns 186
Station Pressure 186
Geostrophic (Coriolis) Force (Effect) 189
Wind 191
Prevailing Winds 191
Mountain Winds 193
Diurnal Effects 196
Windshear 197
Jetstreams 199
Hurricanes 200
Tornadoes 201
Other Winds 201
The Barometer 203
The Altimeter 203
Altimeter Settings 205
Pressure Altitude 207
Density Altitude 207
Corrected Altitude 208
Temperature 208
Inversions 209
ISA Conversions 210
Moisture 211
Lapse Rates 213
Stability 214
Normand’s Theorem 215
Clouds 216
Low (Strato) 217
Middle (Alto) 217
High (Cirro) 217
Other 218
Precipitation 218
Turbulence 219
Thunderstorms 220
Squall Lines 222
Air Traffic Control Considerations 223
Takeoff and Landing 223
Icing 224
Air Masses 228
Frontology 229
The Warm Front 231
The Cold Front 232
The Occlusion 233
Trowal 233
Secondary Front 233
Upper Front 234
Cold Pool 234
Warm Dome 235
Baroclinic Zones 235
Visibility 235
Fog 235
Mist 236
Whiteout 236
Measuring Visibility 237
Met Services & Information 237
TAFs 238
CONTENTS
viii JAR Professional Pilot Studies
METARs 240
Area Forecast 243
SIGMETs 243
AIREPs 243
AIRMET 243
Radar 244
Charts 244
FORM 214 244
FORM 215 246
The Station Circle 247
Upper Level Charts 248
4 Principles of Flight 251
Definitions 251
Newton’s Laws Of Motion 253
Airflow 254
The Boundary Layer 254
The Aerofoil 256
Further Discussion 261
Angle of Attack (Alpha) Sensors 264
Stability 265
Longitudinal Stability 265
Lateral Stability 265
Directional Stability 266
Dutch Roll 266
Spiral Stability 266
Forces In Flight 267
Lift 267
Weight 268
Thrust 268
Drag 268
Manoeuvres 274
Taxi 274
Takeoff 274
The Circuit 275
Straight and Level 276
Turns 276
Spiral Dives 278
Climbing 279
Descent 280
Approach & Landing 281
Slipping 282
Stalling 282
Spinning 284
The HASELL Checks 284
Low and Slow 284
Load Factor 285
Propellers 286
Constant Speed Propeller 289
High Speed Flight 291
Speed Control 294
Supercritical Wing 295
Sweepback 296
Flying Big Aeroplanes 297
5 Airframes, Engines & Systems 299
Fatigue & Stress 301
Metal Fatigue 301
Design Philosophy 302
Aeroplanes 303
Flight Controls 304
Primary Flight Controls 304
Secondary Flight Controls 306
Fly By Wire 309
Engines 310
Reciprocating Engines 310
Carburettor Icing 316
Turbines 320
Fuel 328
Fuel Control 330
Engine Instruments 331
Engine Handling 333
Lubrication 335
Fuel Supply 337
Systems 340
Oxygen 340
Hydraulics 340
Transmissions 345
Pneumatics 345
Auxiliary Power Unit 346
Compressed Air 346
Cabin Pressurisation 347
Air Conditioning 348
Deicing 352
Fire Detection 352
Smoke Detection 356
Fire Extinguishing 357
Fuel Jettison 358
Autopilots, etc 358
Aircraft Husbandry 363
Controls 363
Tyres 363
Wheels 364
6 Instruments (AGK 4) 365
Pitch 365
Bank 366
Power 366
Pitot-Static System 367
Errors 368
Temperature 369
Total Air Temperature (TAT) 369
RAT Sensor 370
Thermometers 370
The Altimeter 372
Errors 374
Altimeter Checks 375
Altimeter Settings 375
Airspeed Indicator 376
TAS 378
Errors 378
The Machmeter 379
Errors 380
Vertical Speed Indicator 381
IVSI 382
The Compass 382
E2B 383
Acceleration Errors 384
Turning Errors 384
The Compass Swing 385
Gyroscopes 386
Types Of Gyroscope 386
Wander 387
Electrical Gyros 389
Artificial Horizon 390
EADI 391
Remote Vertical Gyro 391
Heading Indicator (DGI) 392
Gyromagnetic Compass 393
Turn Coordinator 395
Turn And Bank Indicator 396
Rate Integrating Gyro 396
Flight Management Systems 396
ADC 397
Horizontal Situation Indicator 397
Flight Director 398
EFIS 399
Instrument Flying Procedures 401
Partial Panel 402
Manoeuvres 402
Calculations (Rules of Thumb) 403
Departures 404
En Route 408
Approach 409
Circling (Visual Manoeuvring) 414
Holding 416
Landings 419
Missed Approach 420
RNAV 422
Multi Crew 422
Departure & Approach Design 422
Documentation 424
7 Electricity & Radio (AGK 2) 425
Atomic Theory 425
Electricity 426
Batteries 427
Amps 430
Volts 431
Resistance 431
Capacitance 433
Ohm's Law 434
Power (Wattage) 434
Semiconductors 435
Busbars 435
Magnetism 436
Direct Current 437
Alternating Current 439
Radio 446
Sidebands 448
Wavebands 449
Propagation 449
Receiving Signals 453
Calculations 453
System Degradation 453
Datalink 453
VOR 454
Range 456
Time to Station 457
Airways 457
Testing 458
Problems 458
Doppler VOR 458
ADF/NDB 459
Limitations 460
Use 461
Position Fix 463
Time to Station 463
Tracking 463
Airways 464
TACAN 465
DME 465
Errors 467
RNAV 467
Types Of System 468
Inertial Navigation (Reference) Systems 469
Doppler 474
Omega/VLF 474
GPS 475
ILS 481
Markers & Beacons 483
Gradients, Etc 483
Range & Coverage 484
Category I 485
Category II 485
Category III 485
VDF 486
The Adcock RDF Antenna 487
Radar 487
Moving Target Indication 489
The Display 489
Secondary Surveillance Radar 489
Surveillance Radar Approach 491
Weather Radar 491
Ground Radar 494
Discharge Detectors 495
Altitude Alerting Systems 495
TCAS/ACAS 495
Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS) 497
Radio Altimeter 499
MLS 499
Radio Procedures 500
Definitions 502
ATC Abbreviations 503
Q Codes 503
General Operating Procedures 504
Standard Words & Phrases 507
Categories Of Message 508
Talking to Air Traffic Control 508
IFR Stuff 511
Clearances and Readbacks 511
Transfer Of Communication 512
Readability Scale 513
Weather Information 513
Radio Failure 514
Distress & Urgency Procedures 516
Propagation & Frequencies 517
Direction Finding 517
Computers, Etc 518
Hardware 518
Software 524
Firmware 525
Logic Gates 525
Analogue vs Digital 527
Bits & Bytes 528
Data Communications 529
8 Navigation 541
Positional Reference 542
Geodetic/Geocentric Systems 543
Speed & Distance 545
Great Circles & Rhumb Lines 546
Convergency 547
Conversion Angle 547
Direction 549
Magnetic Bearings 549
Time & Time Zones 551
Kepler’s Laws Of Planetary Motion 551
Maps & Charts 557
Lambert's Conformal 557
Mercator 559
Polar Stereographic 563
Grid Navigation 564
Scale 564
Relief 566
The Triangle of Velocities 567
Dead Reckoning 569
The Flight Computer 571
CR Series 573
Slide Rule 573
Miscellaneous 575
The 1 in 60 Rule 575
Departing On Course 576
En Route 576
Map Reading 576
Other Tips 577
Relative Velocity 577
9 Flight Planning (1) 579
Mass & Balance 579
Units & Conversions 579
Weight 581
The Aircraft 581
The Load 583
Procedure 584
Standard Mass Values 585
Weight Distribution 586
Floor Loading 591
Performance 592
Pressure Altitude 597
Density Altitude 597
Runway Length 599
Altitude and Temperature 601
Aircraft Weight 601
Runway Slope (Gradient) 602
Surface Winds 602
Surface 603
The Takeoff 606
Obstacles (The Climb) 607
The Cruise 609
Landing 609
Balked Approach Flight Path 610
Diversions 610
Power Settings 611
Miscellaneous 611
Engines Out 611
Class A Limitations 612
Class B Limitations 612
Class C Limitations 613
V-Speeds 614
Charts 619
10 Flight Planning (2) 621
Fuel 621
Fuel Monitoring 622
Fuel Management 623
Fixed Wing Requirements 629
Point of No Return 633
Critical Point 635
Oil 637
Maps 637
The Flight Computer 637
Flight Documentation 638
Operational Flight Plan 638
The PLOG (Flight Log) 638
TOC/TOD 640
North Atlantic 640
Documentation 640
11 Human Factors 641
Accidents 641
Evolution 644
Decisions, Decisions 649
Information Processing 649
What Is A Decision? 650
Ample-Time Decision Making 653
Time-Critical Decision Making 654
Group Decision Making 655
Responses 656
Learning & Performance 657
Automatic 658
Conscious 658
Factors That Affect Learning 659
Errors 660
Examples 660
Internal Influences 661
External Influences 661
Error Management 663
Memory 665
Human Factors 667
Perception 667
Physical 670
Physiological (The Body) 671
Incapacitation 705
Psychological Factors 706
Stress 706
Fatigue 711
Communication 715
Factors Affecting Judgement 730
Risk Management 740
12 Going For A Job 743
The Advert 745
Your Resume 746
Application Forms 748
The Interview 749

 

Soft Cover 666 Pages.