Professional Helicopter Pilot Studies USA Color Edition

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Professional Helicopter Pilot Studies by Phil Croucher.

Provides all the material required for the FAA exams, including the PPL(H), CPL(H) and ATPL(H), plus a few extras, like the Instrument Rating.

Color Version Ships Ground Only Within the USA

Color Edition


 

 

 

 

Introduction  1
Differences  2
Studying  2
Exams & Technique  3
And Afterwards...  4
Air Law  5
Parts  5
Subchapter A Definitions  5
Subchapter B Procedural Rules  5
Subchapter C Aircraft  6
Subchapter D Airmen  6
Subchapter E Airspace  6
Subchapter F Air Traffic & General Operating Rules  6
Subchapter G Air Carriage for Compensation or Hire  7
Subchapter H Schools, etc  7
Subchapter I Airports  7
Subchapter J Navigational Facilities  7
Subchapter K Administrative Regulations  8
Subchapter N War Risk Insurance  8
Tips For Reading Legal Stuff  8
Part 21 - Certification  8
21.181 Certificate of Airworthiness Duration  8
Part 23 - Airworthiness  9
23.1401 Anticollision Lights  9
Part 29  10
29.1385 Position Light Installation  10
Part 39 - Airworthiness Directives  10
Part 43  10
43.5 Approval for Return to Service  10
43.9 Content, Form & Disposition  10
Part 61  11
61.3 Requirement  11
61.5 Certificates and Ratings  12
61.13 Issuing Certificates, Ratings and Authorizations 13
61.15 Alcohol or Drugs  14
61.17 Temporary Certificate  14
61.19 Duration of Certificates  15
61.23 Medical Certificates  15
61.29 Replacement  16
61.31 Type Ratings, etc  16
61.33 Tests - General  17
61.51 Pilot Logbooks  19
61.53 Prohibition - Medical  21
61.55 P2 Qualifications  21
61.57 Recency - PIC  22
61.58 PIC Proficiency Check  23
61.59 Falsification  23
61.60 Change of Address  23
61.63 Non-ATP Ratings  24
61.65 Instrument Rating  25
61.81 Student Pilots  27
61.93 Solo Cross-country  28
61.95 Class B Airspace  29
61.96 Recreational Pilots  29
61.102 Private Pilots  31
61.121 Commercial Pilots  34
61.151 Airline Transport Pilot  35
61.181 Flight Instructors  37
61.211 Ground Instructors  39
61.215 Privileges  39
61.217 Recent Experience  39
Part 63  40
63.3 Certificates and Ratings  40
63.11 Application and Issue  40
63.12 Alcohol or Drugs  40
63.13 Temporary Certificate  40
63.15 Duration of Certificates  40
63.16 Change of Name  40
63.19 Physical Deficiency  41
63.20 Falsification  41
Part 71  41
71.71 Class E Airspace  41
71.73 Federal Airways  42
Part 73  42
73.11 Restricted Areas  42
73.15 Using Agency  42
73.81 Prohibited Areas  43
Part 91  43
91.3 PIC  43
91.7 Civil Airworthiness  43
91.9 Flight Manual, Marking, and Placards  44
91.15 Dropping Objects  44
91.17 Alcohol or Drugs  44
91.21 Portable Electronics  44
91.23 Truth-in-leasing Clause  45
91.103 Preflight Action  46
91.105 Flight Crew at Stations  46
91.107 Safety Belts, Shoulder Harnesses and Child Restraint  46
91.111 Near Other Aircraft  46
91.113 Right-of-Way  46
91.115 Water Operations  47
91.117 Aircraft Speed  47
91.119 Minimum Altitudes  48
91.121 Altimeter Settings  48
91.123 Compliance with ATC  49
91.125 ATC Light Signals  49
91.126 Airports in Class G Airspace  49
91.127 Airports in Class E Airspace  50
91.129 Class D Airspace  50
91.130 Class C Airspace  51
91.131 Class B Airspace  52
91.133 Restricted and Prohibited Areas  52
91.135 Class A Airspace  52
91.144 Abnormally High Pressure  52
91.151 - VFR  53
Fuel  53
91.153 Flight Plan  53
91.155 Basic VFR Minima   53
91.157 Special VFR  54
91.159 VFR Cruising Altitude  54
91.167 IFR  55
91.203 Certifications  60
91.205 Instruments and Equipment  60
91.303 Special Flight Operations  64
91.401 Maintenance & Alterations  65
91.609 Flight Recorders and Cockpit Voice Recorders 68
91.703 US-registered Civil Aircraft outside the US  69
108 - Airline Security  69
108.11 Weapons  69
108.21 Custody  69
Part 119 - Air Carriers & Commercial Operators  70
119.5 Certifications, Authorizations & Prohibitions 70
119.49 Contents of Specifications  71
Part 121  72
121.99 Communication Facilities  72
121.131 Manuals  72
121.195 Landing: Destination  74
121.243 Engine Breather Lines  74
121.285 Cargo in Passenger Compartments  74
121.287 Cargo in Cargo Compartments  75
121.305 Flight and Navigational Equipment  75
121.306 Portable Electronic Devices  76
121.311 Seats, Safety Belts, and Shoulder Harnesses 76
121.339 Emergency Equipment  77
121.340 Emergency Flotation  77
121.349 Pilotage VFR, IFR or OTT  77
121.353 Emergency Equipment  78
121.361 Maintenance and Alterations  78
121.375 Training  79
121.377 Duty Times  79
121.397 Emergency Duties  79
121.400 Training  79
121.431 Crew Qualifications  81
121.434 Operating Experience & Cycles, Consolidation of Skills  82
121.439 Recent Experience  83
121.440 Line Checks  83
121.441 Proficiency Checks  84
121.453 Flight Engineers  84
121.461 Aircraft Dispatchers  84
121.470 Flight Time & Duty  85
121.531 Flight Operations  87
121.591 Dispatching and Flight Release Rules  99
121.617 Departure Alternates  100
121.635 Domestic and Flag Operations  102
121.649 Takeoff & Landing Minima  102
121.657 - Flight Altitude Rules  103
121.687 - Dispatch Release: Flag and Domestic Operations  104
121.695 Load Manifest, Dispatch Release, and Flight Plans  104
121.721/3 Crewmember Certificate: International  105
Appx G Doppler and INS  105
Part 135 - Commuter  105
135.3 - Rules Relevant  105
135.19 - Emergencies  106
135.21 - Manual Requirements  106
135.25 Aircraft Requirements  107
135.63 Recordkeeping  108
135.65 Reporting  108
135.77 Operational Control  108
135.85 Carriage of People without Compliance with this Part  109
135.87 Carriage of Cargo including Carry-on Baggage 109
135.89 Pilots: Use of Oxygen  109
135.91 Oxygen for Medical Use  110
135.93 Autopilot: Minimum Altitudes for Use  110
135.99 Composition of Crew  110
135.100 Flight Crew Duties  110
135.105 Exception: Autopilot  111
135.107 Flight Attendants  111
135.115 Manipulation of Controls  111
135.117 Briefing of Passengers Before Flight  111
135.119 Carriage of Weapons  112
135.149 Equipment Requirements  112
135.151 Cockpit Voice Recorders  112
135.157 Oxygen Equipment  113
135.159 Equipment Requirements  113
135.167 Emergency Equipment: Extended Overwater Operations  113
135.171 Shoulder Harnesses at Flight Crewmember Stations  114
135.173 Thunderstorm Detection  114
135.177 Emergency Equipment  115
135.178 Additional Emergency Equipment  116
135.179 Inoperable Instruments and Equipment  117
135.181 Performance: OTT or IFR  117
135.183 Land Aircraft Over Water  117
135.185 Empty Weight and C of G: Currency Requirement 118
135.201 VFR/IFR Limitations and Weather Requirements 118
135.215 IFR  118
135.227 Icing Conditions  120
135.229 Airport Requirements  120
135.241 Crew Requirements  121
135.265 Scheduled Operations - Flight Time  122
135.271 HEMES  123
135.297 Instrument Proficiency  123
135.299 Line checks  124
135.321 Training  125
135.331 - Emergency Training  125
135.333 Hazardous Materials  126
135.413 Responsibility for Airworthiness  126
135.415 Mechanical Reliability Reports  126
NTSB 830  128
830.2 Definitions  128
830.5 Immediate Notification  129
830.15 Reports and Statements to be Filed  130
International Air Law  130
The Chicago Convention 1944  131
ICAO Documents  132
International Air Transit and Air Transport Agreements 133
The Tokyo Convention 1963  134
The Warsaw Convention 1929  135
The Hague Convention 1970  135
The Montreal Conventions  136
The Rome Convention 1933  136
ICAO Rules of the Air (Annex 2)  136
Compliance & Authority  136
Aircraft General Knowledge  137
The Airframe  137
The Fuselage  137
Undercarriage  138
Doors & Windows  139
Rotor Blades  139
Rotor Systems  144
Tail Rotor Blades  146
Vibrations  146
Fatigue & Stress  148
Metal Fatigue  148
Design Philosophy  149
Flight Controls  150
Tail Rotors  153
Control Orbit  156
Engines  157
Reciprocating Engines  158
Turbines  169
The Inlet  172
The Compressor  172
The Combustion Chamber  174
The Turbine  174
Fuel  175
Fuel Control  177
Engine Instruments  178
Engine Handling  180
Lubrication  182
Fuel Supply  184
Electricity & Magnetism  188
Atomic Theory  188
Electrickery  189
Batteries  190
Amps  193
Volts  194
Resistance  194
Capacitance  196
Ohm's Law  197
Power (Wattage)  197
Semiconductors  197
Busbars  198
Magnetism  199
Direct Current  200
Alternating Current  202
Radio  209
Sidebands  210
Wavebands  211
Propagation  211
Receiving Signals  214
Calculations  215
Systems  215
Hydraulics  215
Transmissions  220
Fire Detection  222
Smoke Detection  224
Fire Protection  225
Autopilots, Etc  225
Pneumatics  228
Air Conditioning  228
Deicing  231
Oxygen  231
Aircraft Husbandry  232
Oil Cans  232
Tires  232
Principles of Flight  233
Definitions  233
Newtons Laws Of Motion  235
Airflow  236
The Boundary Layer  236
The airfoil  238
Further Discussion  242
Forces In Flight  245
Lift  247
Weight  249
Thrust  249
Drag  249
Stalling  252
Stability  253
Longitudinal (Pitch) Stability  254
Lateral (Roll) Stability  254
Directional (Yaw) Stability  254
The Helicopter  254
The Helicopter  256
Coning Angle  258
Disk Loading  259
Centrifugal Turning Moment  260
Rotor Blades  261
Ground Effect  266
Translational Lift  268
Tail Rotor Drift  269
Tail Rotor Roll  270
Tail Rotor Failure  271
Autorotations  275
Dynamic Rollover  279
Vortex Ring  280
Power  282
Mast Bumping  284
Quickstops  285
Meteorology  287
The Atmosphere  287
The Gas Laws  289
The Sun  291
The Seasons  293
Pressure Patterns  294
Station Pressure  294
Geostrophic (Coriolis) Force  297
Wind  299
Prevailing Winds  299
Mountain Winds  301
Diurnal Effects  304
Windshear  305
Jetstreams  307
Hurricanes  308
Tornadoes  309
Other Winds  309
The Barometer  311
The Altimeter  311
Altimeter Settings  313
Pressure Altitude  314
Density Altitude  315
Corrected Altitude  315
Temperature  316
Inversions  317
ISA Conversions  318
Moisture  319
Lapse Rates  321
Stability  322
Normands Theorem  323
Clouds  324
Low (Strato)  325
Middle (Alto)  325
High (Cirro)  325
Other  326
Precipitation  326
Turbulence  327
Thunderstorms  328
Squall Lines  330
Air Traffic Control Considerations  331
Takeoff and Landing  331
Icing  332
Air Masses  336
Frontology  338
The Warm Front  340
The Cold Front  341
The Occlusion  342
Trowal  342
Secondary Front  342
Upper Front  342
Cold Pool  342
Warm Dome  343
Baroclinic Zones  343
Visibility  344
Fog  344
Mist  345
Whiteout  345
Measuring Visibility  346
Met Services & Information  346
TAFs  347
METARs  349
Area Forecast  352
SIGMETs  352
AIREPs  352
RAREPs  352
Charts  353
The Station Circle  353
Weather Depiction Charts  354
Upper Level Charts  354
Instruments  357
Pitch  357
Bank  358
Power  358
Pitot-Static System  359
Errors  360
Temperature  360
Total Air Temperature (TAT)  360
Thermometers  361
The Altimeter  363
Errors  365
Altimeter Checks  365
Airspeed Indicator  366
TAS  367
Errors  367
Vertical Speed Indicator  369
The Compass  370
E2B  371
Acceleration Errors  371
Turning Errors  372
Gyroscopes  373
Types Of Gyroscope  373
Wander  374
Electrical Gyros  375
Artificial Horizon  376
Remote Vertical Gyro  377
Heading Indicator (DGI)  377
Gyromagnetic Compass  378
Turn Coordinator  380
Turn And Bank (Slip) Indicator  381
Flight Management Systems  382
Horizontal Situation Indicator  382
Flight Director  382
EFIS  383
Navigation  385
Positional Reference  386
Geodetic/Geocentric Systems  387
Speed & Distance  389
Great Circles & Rhumb Lines  390
Convergency  391
Conversion Angle  391
Direction  393
Magnetic Bearings  393
Time & Time Zones  395
Maps & Charts  399
Lambert's Conformal  399
Mercator  401
Polar Stereographic  405
Grid Navigation  406
Scale  406
Relief  408
The Triangle of Velocities  409
Dead Reckoning  411
The Flight Computer  413
CR Series  415
Slide Rule  415
Miscellaneous  417
The 1 in 60 Rule  417
Departing On Course  418
En Route  418
Map Reading  418
Other Tips  419
Relative Velocity  419
Radio Navigation  421
VOR  421
Range  424
Time to Station  424
Airways  425
Testing  425
Problems  425
Doppler VOR  426
ADF/NDB  426
Limitations  427
Use  428
Position Fix  430
Time to Station  430
Tracking  430
Airways  431
TACAN  431
DME  432
Errors  433
RNAV  434
Types of System  435
LORAN  435
Omega/VLF  436
GPS  438
VDF  443
Radar  444
Moving Target Indication  445
The Display  445
Secondary Surveillance Radar  446
Weather Radar  447
Ground Radar  450
Radio Altimeter  451
TCAS/ACAS  451
ILS  453
Markers & Beacons  455
Gradients, Etc  455
Range & Coverage  456
Category I  457
Category II & III  457
MLS  458
Radio Communications  459
Definitions  461
ATC Abbreviations  461
Q Codes  461
Categories Of Message  462
General Operating Procedures  463
Talking to Air Traffic Control  468
Clearances and Readbacks  471
Readability Scale  472
Transfer Of Communication  472
Weather Information  473
Radio Failure  474
Distress & Urgency Procedures  475
Propagation & Frequencies  477
Flight Operations  479
Fueling  479
Passengers on Board  482
Bird Hazards  483
Winter Operations  483
The Weather  484
Whiteout  487
Taking off  487
The Cruise  487
Navigation  487
Landing  488
Helicopter External Loads  489
Static Electricity  490
Setting Up  490
 Hooking Up  492
Load Behavior  492
Setting Down  494
Remote Operations  495
Mountain Flying  496
Illusions  497
Winds  498
Night Flying  498
Noise Abatement  499
Approach & Landing  499
Departure  499
Wake Turbulence  500
Successive Aircraft on Finals  501
Departing Aircraft  502
Helicopters  502
ATS Flight Plan  504
Flight Planning & Performance  509
Units & Conversions  509
Weight  511
The Aircraft  511
The Load  512
Distribution & Loading  515
Load Plans  520
Loadsheets  521
Changes  521
Floor Loading  522
Flight Planning  523
General Planning  523
The PLOG (Flight Log)  526
TOC/TOD  527
Fuel  527
Fuel Monitoring  528
Fuel Management  528
Point of No Return  528
Critical Point  531
Oil  532
Maps  533
Performance  533
Airworthiness Categories  536
Category A  536
Category B  537
Performance Classes  537
Class 1  537
Class 2  540
Class 3  541
Procedures  541
Performance Charts  542
Example  542
Factors Affecting Performance  546
Pressure Altitude  546
Density Altitude  546
Runway Length  547
Aircraft Weight  548
Runway Slope (Gradient)  548
Surface Winds  548
Obstacles (The Climb)  548
Height/Velocity Curve  549
V-Speeds  551
Human Factors  553
Accidents  553
Evolution  556
Decisions, Decisions  561
Information Processing  564
Ample-Time Decision Making  565
Time-Critical Decision Making  566
Group Decision Making  567
Responses  568
Learning & Performance  569
Automatic  569
Conscious  570
Factors That Affect Learning  570
Errors  571
Examples  572
Internal Influences  572
External Influences  573
Error Management  575
Memory  576
Human Factors  579
Perception  579
Physical  581
Physiological (The Body)  583
Incapacitation  614
Psychological Factors  616
Stress  616
Communication  624
Effective Communication  625
Body Language  626
Barriers To Communication  628
Behavioural Styles  631
Men Vs Women  632
Radio Procedures  633
Cultural Factors  637
Organisational Factors  638
Factors Affecting Judgement  638
Fascination  639
Habits  639
Attitudes  639
Flight Deck Management  642
Groups  643
Risk Management  647
Analysing Risk  648
Risk Checklist  649
Going For A Job  651
The Advert  653
Your Resume  654
Application Forms  656
The Interview  657

 

 

Soft Cover 708 Pages.